Becoming a Better Web Designer

Whenever a student wanting to work in the design industry asks me for advice, the first thing that comes to my mind is the importance of maintaining a current and up-to-date skill set. Often, we spend so much time focusing on the actual jobs at hand that we neglect to nourish and refresh our knowledge.

This article aims to highlight the importance of setting aside time for self-improvement, with recommendations on how you can keep learning to stay ahead of the curve.

A Need to Improve

While many people may feel that they can’t afford (or have the time) to put aside some time in order to learn and keep up with industry developments, I would argue that they also can’t afford the losses in competitiveness due to having outdated knowledge.

Often, the individuals who stick with what they know are the ones finding themselves out of jobs because the nature of the profession, the technologies, and the medium is such that it evolves quickly. Conventions change, web languages are updated or become obsolete, deployment methods shift from technology to technology. It’s survival of the fittest, with "fit" being defined as someone who keeps up with current demands.

A Need to ImproveImagine if Yahoo! had rested on its laurels.

Learning new skills doesn’t have to be complicated, and it doesn’t even have to be expensive. And in an industry that is always changing — and where becoming stale means being unable to perform — the need for continual self-education and self-training is very important.

With all of that in mind, I’d like to suggest a few ways we as web designers can keep ourselves current.


The first thing I’ll mention is probably the most expensive in terms of money and time. However, it’s worth discussing because it is the traditional way of learning a particular profession. Education is probably the most obvious route to self-improvement. You can find courses on pretty much anything — from graphic design to ancient Mediterranean studies — these days; courses tailored to your exact interests and needs.

The Open University is based in the UK and offers plenty of structured courses.

The benefits of sitting in a classroom are quite apparent if you thrive on structured learning plans. The experience of being in a classroom also means you’ll get to hang out with peers who’ll be in the same position.

The problems with education, especially in very traditional colleges, is that courses might be outdated and can cost quite a lot.

Education Resources:


In terms of getting an internship at a design agency, the learning you get is often practical. You can get to see how professionals handle their job tasks, and learn through hands on experience.

InternshipsEven well known agencies might have an intern position available to you.

Often, we learn a lot through observation. If you’re a beginning freelancer or a student just finding his way through the world, getting into a proper business as an intern will give you not only the guiding hands and experience of professionals, but also potential job offers if you prove yourself to be a good fit for the company.

Potential downsides are that internships may be unpaid (voluntary). An internship is also a real commitment in both time and effort. However, the experience may be truly rewarding if you are a committed individual.

Also, with an internship, the value you get depends on who you’ll be working for and what they’ll task you with. If you get stuck in an internship that only deals with activities such as running to Starbucks to get the design team their coffee or sorting out mail, then you would get less value, learning-wise, than in an internship that gets you right in the mix of things and interacting with professional designers. That’s one thing to keep in mind when searching for an internship.

Job Boards for Finding an Internship Resources:

Conferences and Workshops

Conferences and workshops can be found all over the world, covering topics ranging from broader topics such as Web Design to more specialized fields like UX and IA. There are even dedicated events and meetups to particular technologies such as JavaScript or Adobe Flash.

Conferences and WorkshopsAll over the world, you’ll find a range of conferences at different budgets and topics (such as The Future of Web Design).

A conference is a time-honored tradition for many designers and developers in which a bunch of caffeine-intoxicated geeks gets together to learn from industry experts and each other. While these events can be particularly expensive, they usually cover a wide range of subjects and can allow you the time to speak to people you respect, make a few friends and, in some cases, get some extra business. If you’re socially inclined, it can turn into a great few days of learning, sharing and socializing.

Conference Resources:

Over recent years, workshops have really evolved into something quite special. While many exist in which you visit a particular venue and learn about a subject from an industry guru, plenty of websites now also offer web-based workshops that allow you to learn from the comforts of your own workspace.

While you won’t get a certificate or qualification (as you would through a college), the benefits from these workshop sessions are that you’ll get a ton of knowledge on a specialist subject in a short period of time and in a structured manner.

Workshop Resources:

Networking and Mentoring

Getting to know your fellow designers and developers is a big part of being involved in the industry. It’s surprising to see how many people isolate themselves from the design and development community and thereby fail to get the benefits of networking (and mentoring).

Getting your name out there socially will give you a range of benefits, not just to your social life, but also in terms of boosting your own knowledge and being able to assist others in improving their own work.

Social networking is quite a simple idea. You join a community — whether it’s offline such as a chamber of commerce group or online like a forum or social networking service like Twitter — and then you interact with other people!

Not only will you make friends and gain useful industry contacts, but also, you can learn plenty from other people’s experiences. Even better is that you aren’t forced to dedicate a set amount of time to networking; you can participate in networking on your own time.

Networking Resources:

Mentoring is much like networking in terms of the social interaction with other people, but it does give you a slightly different route to learning.

Some charge for consultancy services and other people mentor for free… both work!

Finding someone to mentor may seem beneficial just to the individual being mentored, but when you think about it, the student is going to be testing your knowledge and sharing their thoughts with you. This gives you motivation to keep your knowledge up to date, as well as discover things you might not have thought about. As they say, the best way to learn is to teach.

Mentoring Resources:

Books, Blogs, Articles, Podcasts and Videos

If you’re a bit shy and don’t really like the idea of going back to school or being in a room with other people, consuming books, articles, eBooks, videos and slideshows may be a perfect method for self-betterment.

This method of gaining new knowledge is by far the most prevalent. There are literally thousands of cool titles and resources sitting out there waiting to be purchased, read and watched, as well as a lot of free content too!

Books, Blogs, Articles, Podcasts, and VideosYou are here… and while Six Revisions is not a book, it’ll still teach you oodles of useful information.

Books are probably the most widely recognized resource when it comes to learning about a specific technology, and there are plenty of articles and resources online. With millions of titles to choose from on just about every subject you can imagine, they can be a reasonably priced, go-at-your-own-pace alternative of learning.

Blog and Website Resources:

eBook and Article Resources:

If you’re not one for going through pages of text in order to learn, and you prefer something that engages many of your senses, perhaps you might consider the range of audio and video podcasts that exist for designers and developers.

Podcasts like those provided by the 5×5 network offer design and development fun!

While not on many people’s radars, these shows give you industry news and great advice for free! In addition, there’s plenty of paid and free slideshows and videos which can train you in a particular craft while visually orientated and worthy of consideration.

What’s convenient about podcasts, especially audio podcasts, is that you can listen to them while commuting to work.

Podcast Resources:

Video Resources:

Engaging in Side Projects

A final route worthy of consideration is learning through side projects. Taking on a side project allows you to learn and sharpen your skills by doing something fun. It’s not a secret that personal projects are good for you.

Consider having a side project to help you learn at your own pace. Your side project can be pro bono design work for an organization you’re passionate about or building a web app that solves a problem (and if it’s good, who knows, it might become profitable). You could start a blog, create a podcast, self-publish your own books or eBooks, provide tutorials — all of which can reinforce the things you learn day-by-day.

Engaging in Side ProjectsThe ability to publish your own book through services such as Lulu has become quite popular!

While side projects may arguably be among the more ambiguous, indirect ways to learn, it’s also true that theory you learn from books and classrooms will only take you so far and that practical experience has its own benefits.

Never Stop Learning

Surviving and succeeding in this industry requires constant upkeep of the things you already know. If there’s one thing that I admire above everything else, it’s the enthusiasm and craving for knowledge that many of us still manage to maintain after working in this fast-paced environment for years. If you only dedicate a couple of hours a week to self-improvement, that’s still better than nothing.

In any business, you don’t want to become the weak link in the chain, and setting yourself up with some long-term goals will help you avoid becoming the individual whose work has the reputation of being outmoded.

There is always something new to learn, and those awesome new skills can bring more value to you and the people you work with/for. So go out and buy that book you saw on, learn that new web language you’ve been putting off for too long, read that new blog everyone keeps talking about, sign up for that workshop, or watch that video — whatever you do, just never stop learning!

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About the Author

Alexander Dawson is a freelance web designer, author and recreational software developer specializing in web standards, accessibility and UX design. As well as running a business called HiTechy and writing, he spends time on Twitter, SitePoint’s forums and other places, helping those in need.

This was published on Oct 26, 2010


Usi@Hacking Oct 26 2010

you are right that learning new thing is necessary and outdated knowledge is not good.

BUT some times people need to make a living and they can’t learn more they are just spending their crucial time on making bucks, but I advice them to give some time to learn new things.

Hey Alexander,

This post has now become a top on the list of posts I will send people asking me how to get started. Oh – and even I plan on hitting up a number of the resources you point out.

While it may seem overwhelming at times to meet the need for keeping up, it can be accomplished if you are willing to focus in on particular skills that serve your clients and your aims. Do not have the time to focus on every area of expertise? That’s what teams are for!

A quick question – perhaps you have a post to answer – when and how did you get started and what is one of the personal projects you have been working on lately?

Cosmin Negoita Oct 26 2010

In my opinion, web designing and developing should help you have a great living if you prove devotion and passion.

As it is said, if you’re willing to do it, you can do it.

sanji Oct 26 2010

I always try to update my self every day, the only problem is finding some internship or experience to put in my credentials. So far, no luck.

Curtis Scott Oct 26 2010

Wow, talk about perfect timing. I am struggling with this same topic in my week to week work life. There are just so many things I’d like to catch up on like ExpressionEngine 2, java script implementation, form with validation checker, and many other things to help me stay ‘fit’.

The part about the mentoring and networking is what I found most beneficial. I have been (sorta) looking for a mentor for a while and find that most the people I look up to are very busy, your links will hopefully provide some fruitful findings in this area.

Thank you for this very informational post Alexander!

I think people tend to focus so much on what they are doing at their job that they forget to broaden their horizons a bit. I always spend at least a couple hours a week dedicated to new stuff. In my opinion, it is pretty important in making you better and more well rounded.

Scott Petrovic Oct 26 2010

This is one of the better articles I have read dealing with become a web designer. Because the web is so new, you can become obsolete faster than a lot other professions. Maybe in 30 years this won’t be the case, but it certainly is now.

javaneo Oct 26 2010

Alex thanks for this article. Its just splendid.

Alexander Dawson Oct 26 2010

@Tim: Wow, thanks for the awesome feedback! Regarding my particular circumstances, I always like to dedicate a good few hours a week to learning more about a subject I’m interested in. Writing here at Six Revisions has certainly given me the incentive to keep learning and relaying new ideas to the readers! As for how I got started, I actually converted from software development (as a freelancer) to web design. Not a big stretch but I’ve always worked for myself. Regarding the latest project I’m working on, it’s actually a book! So that’ll be something I’ll be promoting in the future (once complete).

@sanji: Keep at it and don’t forget to ensure your portfolio is strong. Internships tend to like people who can show right off the mark that they have a creative flair!

@Curtis Scott: I find that forums are often a great place to get advice, even if people are too busy to mentor you on a full time basis, you can quickly get decent solutions to your problems from professionals who’ve a bit of free time.

@Scott Petrovic: I like to think of the web as similar to the medical community, if your knowledge gets stale your skills become sloppy and bad things can happen as a direct consequence (though peoples lives thankfully aren’t in our hands).

kcmartz Oct 26 2010

Great post! I would recommend as well!

Terry Dunn Oct 26 2010


This is an awesome article. I agree with you about the Open University; it’s where I learn’t web design. And I think sitepoint is a terrific website.


Cindy Auligny Oct 27 2010

Becoming a web designer is not easy, I’ve worked as a web designer for 2 years. And you know, everyday went by, I’ve realized they are so many things I don’t know, even have no idea about them.
This article inspires me alot. Thanks for sharing your experience. It really works.

Nice article, I like and share your last point:
“Never Stop Learning”… “There is always something new to learn”. 100% True.

fontburger Oct 27 2010

Brilliant! Thank you for all the resources.

MCDezigns Oct 27 2010

Thanks for all the great resources. I have learned so much from conferences on Usream that I could not afford to attend.

putragaluh Oct 27 2010

Great post, thanks for your share

benedetta.s Oct 28 2010

An extremely useful post!! Thank you very much for sharing. I love it!

Lars Ebert Oct 28 2010

Hey, great article!

B. Lavette Nov 03 2010

How true. I spent eight years in college with medicine, found web design and learned DW, FW and PS on my own and started f freelancing. I love what I do now more than medicine. It was never about the money. I get to be creative. I’m constantly learning as in any field has continuing education.
Thanks for the great article.

Shawn Jericho Cannon Nov 09 2010

Hi Alexander! This article is exactly what I need. I always wanted to be a web designer but never got to goto college. Now at age 38 I am getting to attend a college in Florida called “Full Sail University” for web design. I can’t wait! I have been looking at every web design blog I can and began chatting with several web designers about what the industry is like. Thanks from a new reader and new wanna be designer lol. My ultimate goal is to have my own little web design business. Feel free to post my email too. I welcome other web designers to talk with too.


David Nov 16 2010

Great article. Good to see I manage to do most of these….some of the time. Another great list of resources for me to work through.

Ben Giordano Nov 17 2010

Excellent article, very excited to dig into some of the resources you provided here esp the forums and blogs you listed. Really good stuff! Thanks so much for sharing!

farid Nov 26 2010

This article is very helpful for me.

Kagai Macharia Dec 05 2010

This is one great resource. I have just bookmarked it for future reference point. Thanks Alex

Daniel Markham Jan 08 2011


Confession time. I was playing around with some SEO tool and found your site because it told me you were talking about something similar to what I am doing with one of my websites.

Having said that, this is really a great list of methods to learn design.

I live in a rural area, so some of these, like education, networking, and apprenticeship opportunities weren’t open to me when I started out. Plus, I’m older than rocks and I was around as the web took off, so all of that design stuff I would have learned wouldn’t have been as applicable.

I have tried very hard over the years to learn design and always feel like I have failed at it. I’m struck by three things: 1) How tough it is to get right, 2) What a big difference it makes to actually _do_ something instead of talking about it, and 3) how the hidden assumptions of the designers can easily drift away from the needs of the users. From experience I’ve found there’s nothing like working on a project, under a deadline, and with a real way to measure design success. Otherwise it’s just so easy to get caught up in the “talk” of design instead the practice.

Anyway, since I’m here to plug my site, it’s Basically I try to list books that hackers recommend to each other. From my own experience, books have been a big part of my training. And of course, there is a section especially for web design. All the greats are there.

Would love to hear any critiques anybody has! I tried to make it as brutally simple as possible, but it seems like I’m never completely satisfied with a web site no matter how much work I put into it.

Thanks again for the list. I plan on mentioning it on my blog as this is a nice, dense hunk of resources that I know many folks can use.

Thanks for the great list of resources, Alexander. Online courses are definitely a great way to keep your web design skills up-to-date.

I’d like to suggest one other option to your readers: Udemy. We have thousands of courses from expert instructors, some for free and others for a small fee. Here are our most popular web design courses:

Thanks again for the post.

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