Why Website Speed is Important

Apr 2 2014 by Smriti Chawla | 4 Comments

It’s reasonable to assume that a website’s loading time is important.

We can confidently conclude that slow sites have usability and SEO issues because we know that users hate waiting for web pages to load and that Google uses site speed as a factor for its search rankings.

But, quantitatively, what are the other effects of having a slow website?

Let us look at some cases of tech companies sharing what they have learned about web optimization.

Case Study: Amazon

While discussing his work on Big Data in a presentation (PDF or see a report here) Greg Linden shared the significance of site speed in terms of revenue.

In his work at Amazon — Linden, by the way, invented Amazon’s recommendation engine — he talked about how only a 100-millisecond delay could lead to revenues of the online company dropping by 1%.

Let’s do some back-of-the-napkin calculations.

Last year alone, Amazon’s estimated revenue totaled $74.5 billion.

Based on Linden’s disclosure, increasing page loading times by just a fraction of a second would cost Amazon $745 million a year in lost revenue!

Case Study: Bing

In a joint conference presentation, Eric Schurman (from Bing) and Jake Brutlag (from Google) discussed the impact of web server delays.

Bing performed an experiment testing to see what would happen if their pages loaded 1.5 seconds longer than usual.

The results?

Source

Among other key metrics, they saw decreases in:

  • User satisfaction (-3.8%)
  • Revenue per user (-4.3%)
  • Number of clicks (-4.4%).

Case Study: Akamai

Akamai is a longstanding industry leader in the content delivery space.

In 2009, the company conducted a survey research study involving over 1,000 online shoppers.

This is what they discovered:

  • The threshold is 2 seconds — more than that and the user will become impatient
  • 40% of the respondents will abandon the site if it takes more than 3 seconds to load

These stats all equate to one thing: Considerable amount of losses in revenue.

Case Study: Google

In a talk, Marissa Mayer — then a VP at Google and today Yahoo’s CEO — discussed an experiment (video) she and her team ran on Google’s search results page.

They tested the effects of displaying more results in Google searches: 10 search results vs. 30 search results.

Analyzing their data, they witnessed 25% fewer searches from users that saw more search results.

Source

But was it because displaying more results meant users found what they were looking for on the first search results page, and so they felt no need to perform additional searches?

After further investigation, they attributed this drop in searches (i.e. page impressions) to increased page load times.

On average, the group that had more search results were subjected to longer page response times (0.9 seconds) vs. the group with fewer search results but got the page loaded quicker at only 0.4 seconds.

In conclusion, Google discovered that even a few milliseconds of delay — just 500ms to be exact — could lead to a notable reduction in page impressions.

Case Study: Shopzilla

A few years ago, Shopzilla embarked on a major, two-year-long redesign of their site.

During this time, Shopzilla was already huge — they received between 20-29 million unique visitors a month and 8,000 searches per second. Optimizing website performance to handle this sort of traffic thus became crucial.

Their web optimization efforts led to significant improvements — up to a 5-second reduction in page-loading times.

Phil Dixon, VP of Engineering at Shopzilla shared data and the lessons the company learned during their optimization efforts.

They witnessed amazing growth in important metrics by improving their website’s speed:

  • Conversion rates increased by 7-12%
  • Page views increased by 25% — just imagine how much more page views they gained just by focusing on improving site speed, because they were already getting 100 million impressions per day

Case Study: AOL

While sharing some key metrics, David Artz — Director of Website Optimization at AOL and the co-author of the book Website Optimization concluded that:

"Visits experiencing the fastest load times delivered us [AOL] the most page views per visit"

Source

This was because in the sections of AOL.com tested, they saw up to a 160% increase in average number of page views from users in the group who were in the top 10% in terms of average load time (fastest experience), compared to those at the bottom 10% (slowest experience).

Conclusion

These studies impart upon us one important lesson: Website speed should be a high priority if we want to build great websites.

Based on these reports, we have evidence suggesting that having a slow website will have negative effects on revenue, conversion rates, usability, and UX.

How to Speed Up Your Website

If you feel that your site’s speed needs improvement, read these articles to get started:

Read Also

About the Author

Smriti Chawla works at Visual Website Optimizer,a popular A/B testing and heat-mapping tool. Read more articles on A/B testing and high-converting design ideas by visiting the Visual Website Optimizer Blog. Connect with Smriti on Twitter.

4 Comments

Spencer

April 2nd, 2014

One of the best detailed articles on site speed. I’ve been searching for answers for a week and I’m glad that I found your article. I’m new to being a webmaster and my blog appears to load slow. Love the case studies, that’s exactly what I love to see Smriti. I can’t believe the drop you see with a slower load time, incredible statistics. Thank you so much!

Alfie Besin

April 8th, 2014

I agree with you, site speed must be a high priority if you want to build great websites. Do you know some website that offer site optimization services? Thanks in advance. Good stuff here!

Rob Arel

April 10th, 2014

Great article, I am always trying to explain to my web design clients about the importance of site speed when developing a new site.

Mike Rothwell

April 15th, 2014

Great selection of case studies Smriti. Really goes to show how having a fast website increases user satisfaction and increases conversions.

I find myself getting really frustrated with slow websites these days. There really is no excuse with cheap VPS and CDN’s, or even free services like Cloudflare to help speed up your website.

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