The Evolution of Internet-Enabled Devices

The Evolution of Internet-Enabled Devices

The Internet is a wondrous thing. It’s an unrivalled source of knowledge for its users, and as web designers and web developers, it keeps many of us from becoming homeless with "Will code for food" signs hanging around our necks!

As the Web matures, the devices that provide access to it have evolved along with it. No longer are we limited to "surfing the ‘net" on a 28.8 kbps dial-up modem. These days, we don’t even require a computer to go online — we have smartphones, tablets, e-book readers like the Kindle, and more.

Let’s look at the evolution of the hardware that gives us access to the Internet.

Computers and Laptops

We can trace our digital ancestry back to devices we still use today: traditional desktop and laptop computers.

In the formative years, designing and developing websites wasn’t much to write home about. Web standards were in their infancy, browsers were firing bazookas at one another from the rooftops of the digital infrastructure, and a "feature" of many websites was a counter that told everyone that the website had "000002" visitors (one of those being you, the person who built the site). Isn’t nostalgia fun?

They’ve been on earth longer than some geeks, and we still love ’em! Image source: TehBoris

Screens started in the 800×600 range, grew to 1024×768, and then a few others fell into the mix as resolutions became something of a "whatever works" issue for users.

That, and browser windows used their fair share of monitor screen real estate, what with the unnecessary and toolbars and sidebars people installed.


Then everything changed. There were rumors of cell phones gaining Internet access, whispers about how this would change everything.

One little smartphone, powered by hearsay, Steve Jobs and unicorn blood, broke open the doors on a new range of devices to design for. Smartphones came onto the scene.

What made things even more fun was that other rendering engines joined the fray, too!

Some are fully featured, and others… not so much. Image source: Guy Schmidt

No longer were cell phones powered by WML (a special markup language intended for portable devices). No longer did we need to access the Web on scaled-down user experiences through PDAs if we wanted to browse on the go. Touchscreens were the next big interface movement. Displays got smaller, and imaginations got bigger.

For the cell phone makers that didn’t put radioactive glowing apples on the backs of their products, the need to build something competitive grew — as did the number of mobile-friendly browsers for us to test our stuff on.

Tablets, Netbooks and eReaders

The switch-to-mobile excitement was a giant leap for mankind, but the third Internet device evolution was a small step for many of us.

Sure, mobile devices were cool; we could research Angry Birds cheats on some website while sitting on a train. We got a taste for the Mobile Web and wanted more.

So touchscreen smartphones scaled up to become tablets, PCs scaled down to become netbooks, and printed books are being replaced with Internet-enabled reading devices.

Thus came the next wave of devices!

They need to boot, but you’re less likely to have them thrown at you. Image source: kodomut

Tablets aren’t exactly new. But when they became popular, and then ubiquitous, they gave us designers a reason to pay attention. The Web was no longer bound by one of two device types; we all wanted to pretend we were in Minority Report, with thin yet full-featured gadgets.

Netbooks, being cheap, also became popular, and resolution consistency became something designers could only dream about.

Television and Game Consoles

So many things are becoming web-enabled that we’ve arrived at the next era of device types — one that is set to blow the wheels off the tablet surge in terms of widespread appeal.

Our old friend, the television, and its time-eating sidekick, the game console, are becoming web-enabled faster than you can say "Oh no, not something else to design for!"

They present a new range of issues to address. (Try navigating a website with a TV remote.)

There are adaptors for everything, so users can browse with almost anything! Image source: Plinkk

A whole new type of web browsing could arise: the ability to browse websites by re-enacting the YMCA song by way of a HAL-9000-style geek-mocking device called the Kinect (i.e. with gestures and movement).

And the ways we code, design and use the Web could change as well. Personally, I’m all for learning to code for all kinds of devices. Nothing seems cooler than waving a Wii-mote like a ninja in front of a webcam that’s attached to a 100-inch LCD display while telling clients, "Yes sir, it’s all part of my job."

Vehicles and Home Appliances

Another advancement in our consumption of the Web, beyond TV, has been the inclusion of web-enabled devices in trains, planes and automobiles. The ability to watch your favorite YouTube clips while on the move is quickly becoming standard — though we still need safety devices bolted on to ensure that we don’t get distracted by the hamster dance video while driving and crashing into a lake.

Having web access in your car makes you wonder whether you’re addicted. Image source: battlecreekcvb

Yet with this next area of expansion, the web-enabled movement gets still more bizarre.

You may think the kitchen is one place that will remain Web-free, but I’m sure you have household appliances with some degree of cleverness.

In the past, we had glimpses of Internet-enabled appliances, but at the Consumer Electronics Show and other technology expos this year, companies announced that ovens, refrigerators, dishwashers and microwaves would get "webified."

The prospect can be terrifying as well as exciting. I’m sure your immediate thought, like mine, is of an oven crashing like IE6 and setting your house on fire.


From the early days of computers and laptops to the Mobile Web movement to the feature-filled tablets, watches, MP3 players, netbooks, e-book readers, radios and other digital goods becoming Web-friendly, the way we access the Internet has come a long way.

Yet, even as you read this, the gap between devices is increasing, the range of platforms is increasing, and, before we know it, we might be living in houses of the future powered entirely by Rickrolling and troll-hunting.

As web designers and web developers, we need to account for a wide range of platforms in order to make our users’ lives convenient.

The Internet is a grand social platform with nigh-endless possibilities for applications and services. We need to rethink what we choose to (or choose not to) support.

Luckily, there will always be cool new stuff for designers and developers to wrestle with, and thankfully, few of us will go out of business!

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About the Author

Alexander Dawson is a freelance web designer, author and recreational software developer specializing in web standards, accessibility and UX design. As well as running a business called HiTechy and writing, he spends time on Twitter, SitePoint’s forums and other places, helping those in need.

This was published on May 23, 2011


Tristan May 23 2011

800×600??? Only if you were a rich kid! My first web experiences were on a 14″ CRT at 640×480 pixels – pretty average back then. Using Netscape navigator. Also used to surf the net on an apple Newton at school. Lol. We have come a LONG way since then! And don’t even get those old boys started on usenet and bulletin boards!

Tom Ross May 23 2011

Great post, it’s incredibly to wonder where the internet will be next (in your microwave perhaps…?). Seems like it will only become more and more prevalent in our everyday lives though.

Sunny Singh May 23 2011

I agree with most of what you said, and that mobile devices have drastically changed the Web, but don’t tell me that you think Steve Jobs created the first Internet-enabled smartphone? BlackBerries, LG Prada (which almost filed a lawsuit against Apple for copying its ideas/design), and others have had HTML browsers for a while. Sure it wasn’t up to par with mobile Safari, but the iPhone wasn’t the first.

Alexander Dawson May 23 2011

I know that the iPhone wasn’t the first, however it differed from it’s predecessors in being the first to really popularize the idea of browsing the web on that style of device. Until that point (as you mentioned), the rendering situation was pretty dire in regard to standards support and it could be said that while they we’re Web enabled, they weren’t evolved enough to really be considered overly useful – though that’s a matter of opinion.

S.K. (Insfired) May 23 2011

I fully agree with the commenter above (Alexander D.), Apple may have not been the first to introduce mobile browsing – but it did it Apple style – stylish, and usable/easy even for the non-techies or avid adopters of technology.

Young May 23 2011

A pretty cool synopsis. In my native Korea people have had in-vehicle streaming TV for a long time now; every taxi cab and smartphone over there has TV on the cellular network. I always thought it was a bit dangerous to have – some of those drivers definitely weren’t paying attention to the road! Last time I visited I watched in awe as my friends streamed YouTube videos underground inside a moving subway train. I’m sure America’s not too far from that.

Michael K. May 23 2011

@Tristan – Have to agree there. I think resolutions of 800×600 came way after whatever the resolution was on our old Commodore 128 and Commodore 64 computers! 8 bit graphics were the bomb back then. :-)

I also remember at that time using a 14.4K dial-up modem to try and connect to QLink (which was later purchased by AOL in the early 90’s) to view news on the internet, connect to bulletin boards and other activities I cannot recall…

Dennis Hilario May 23 2011

nice on!

Great post! I like iphone and ipad, but now there are very cheap tablets with android 3.0, it’s bettery and ios.the price is only less then usd200!

Michael Tuck May 23 2011

Don’t get me started on my first computer (a Packard Bell PC with an amber/black display and PFS:Write as the word processor, a terrific program!). My then-in-laws had the first wireless “brick” phone I’d ever seen; you could beat people to death with it.

My then-wife was standing behind me when we accessed the Internet for the first time. The Packard Bell site came up, and she asked in amazement and disgust, “Is THIS the Internet?”

Daquan Wright May 24 2011

PS3 has a god awful browser, I really hope we don’t have to code for game consoles. lol

I’ll try (cry)… :P

Great Article!
Many things have changed since I accessed the Internet the first time.
I could access the Internet via my 56kbit/s Modem and later with ISDN 128kb/s .. Used to be a great speed back then, I could do everything.. Play Games like Command and Conquer online, Chat via AIM and read Websites.
Now I have 16Mbit/s DSL and Wifi. My Notebook, my 2 PC’s and my Xbox360 are connected through a switch, which is connected to a router.. (nobody could’ve imagine, that this will be standard)

Conclusion: Its much faster, but yet its still not fast enough. The Internet is getting bigger, aswell as our TVs, Movies or the Amount of Data we need.

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